Wimbledon – genauer Wimbledon Championships – ist das traditionellste Grand-Slam-Turnier des Jahres. Herreneinzel werden in Wimbledon bereits seit Wimbledon. LONDON, ENGLAND - JULY A general view inside Centre Court as Andy Murray. Ort: London Herrenfinale Novak. Die Wimbledon Championships in London sind das dritte Tennis-Grand-Slam-Turnier des Jahres. Die SZ ist dabei - mit Liveticker, Spielberichten, Analysen.
Wimbledon: Rasenturnier in LondonWimbledon ist das älteste Tennisturnier der Welt. Es wurde im All England Croquet and Lawn Tennis Club (heute oft AELTC genannt) erstmalig ausgetragen. Wimbledon. LONDON, ENGLAND - JULY A general view inside Centre Court as Andy Murray. Ort: London Herrenfinale Novak. Tennis, Wimbledon, Österreichs größtes Sportportal mit Live-Streams, News, Videos, Athleten-Interviews, Kommentaren, Statistiken und LIVE-Ticker aus der.
GetГtigt und ein Wimbleton Spiel Wimbleton haben. - Über die Geschichte von WimbledonWilliams W. Die Wimbledon Championships waren das dritte von vier Grand-Slam-Turnieren der Saison, den am höchsten dotierten Tennisturnieren. Sie fanden vom 1. bis Juli in London statt. Ausrichter war der All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet. Als Wimbledon Championships (in der Kurzform auch Wimbledon) wird das älteste und prestigeträchtigste Tennisturnier der Welt bezeichnet. Ab Anfang Juli. Wimbledon (London) – Wikipedia. Wimbledon ist das älteste Tennisturnier der Welt. Es wurde im All England Croquet and Lawn Tennis Club (heute oft AELTC genannt) erstmalig ausgetragen.
Today's rules are similar except for details such as the height of the net and posts and the distance of the service line from the net. The inaugural Wimbledon Championship started on 9 July and the Gentlemen's Singles was the only event held.
The rain delayed it four more days and thus, on July 19, , the final was played. Spencer Gore , an old Harrovian rackets player, defeated William Marshall , and in 48 minutes.
Gore was presented with the silver challenge cup, valued at 25 guineas and donated by the sports magazine The Field , as well as a prize money of 12 guineas.
About spectators paid one shilling each to watch the final. The lawns at the ground were arranged so that the principal court was in the middle with the others arranged around it, hence the title " Centre Court ".
The opening of the new No. By , activity at the club was almost exclusively confined to lawn tennis and that year the word "croquet" was dropped from the title.
However, for sentimental reasons it was restored in In , the club added Ladies' Singles and Gentlemen's Doubles competitions. Ladies' Doubles and Mixed Doubles events were added in As with the other three Major or Grand Slam events, Wimbledon was contested by top-ranked amateur players; professional players were prohibited from participating.
This changed with the advent of the open era in The Championship was first televised in In the period of , no tournament was organized due to World War I.
During World War II , the tournament was not held in the period The championships did go ahead in even though the damage meant that 1, seats were lost.
The organisers were unable to repair the damaged section until and the Centre Court was fully restored and renovated for the edition.
In and Wimbledon was held before the French Championships and was thus the second Grand Slam tennis event of the year.
Wimbledon is widely considered the world's premier tennis tournament and the priority of the club is to maintain its leadership.
To that end a long-term plan was unveiled in , intended to improve the quality of the event for spectators, players, officials and neighbours.
Stage two — involved the removal of the old No. Stage three — has been completed with the construction of an entrance building, club staff housing, museum, bank and ticket office.
A new retractable roof was built in time for the championships, marking the first time that rain did not stop play for a lengthy time on Centre Court.
The first match to be played in its entirety under the new roof took place between Andy Murray and Stanislas Wawrinka on 29 June The Men's Singles Final on 8 July , between Roger Federer and Murray, was the first singles final to be partially played under the roof, which was activated during the third set.
A new seat No. Since that time, the club's activities have been formally conducted separately from those of The Championships. In , the All England Club hosted the Summer Olympic Games and became the first Olympic grass court tournament since tennis was reintroduced as an Olympic sport and the first to be held at a Grand Slam venue in the Open era.
In April , Wimbledon unveiled its 'Master Plan' a vision in which to improve the championships over the next 10—15 years. This was in large part due to other Grand Slam tournaments such as the French Open and Australian Open also announcing expansion and re-development plans.
New member and player facilities are currently being constructed by Willmott Dixon for completion in On 19 October , it was announced that a tie-break will be played if the score reaches 12—12 in the final set of any match; this will apply to all competitions including in qualifying, singles, and doubles.
As a result of the COVID global pandemic , the All England Club announced on 1 April that the entire grass-court season was to be cancelled as a public safety precaution, marking the first time a Wimbledon tournament would not be played since World War II and for the first time in the Open Era every major tennis event cancelled.
However, the sheer number of people who still would have needed to be on site led the board to realise "that wasn't going to be a workable option".
Wimbledon consists of five main events, four junior events and seven invitation events. Matches in the Gentlemen's Singles and Gentlemen's Doubles are best-of-five sets; all other events are best-of-three sets.
Up to and including the tournament, a tiebreak game is played if the score reaches 6—all in any set except the fifth in a five-set match or the third in a three-set match , in which case a two-game lead must be reached.
Since , a final set tiebreak game is played if the score in the final set reaches 12—all. All events are single-elimination tournaments , [g] except for the Gentlemen's, Senior Gentlemen's and the Ladies' Invitation Doubles, which are round-robin tournaments.
Up to , the winners of the previous year's competition except in the Ladies' Doubles and Mixed Doubles were automatically granted byes into the final round then known as the challenge round.
This led to many winners retaining their titles in successive years, as they were able to rest while their opponent competed from the start of the competition.
Since , the prior year's champions were required to play all the rounds, like other tournament competitors. Each year the tournament begins on the last Monday in June or first Monday in July, two weeks after the Queen's Club Championships , which is one of the men's major warm-up tournaments, together with the Gerry Weber Open , which is held in Halle, Germany , during the same week.
Other grass-court tournaments before Wimbledon are Eastbourne , Great Britain, and Rosmalen in the Netherlands, both combining mixed events.
The other women's warm-up tournament for Wimbledon is Birmingham , also in Great Britain. The men's event which is outside Europe before Wimbledon is the Antalya open in Turkey.
Wimbledon is scheduled for 14 days, beginning on a Monday and ending on a Sunday. Before it ended a day earlier, with the women's singles final on the Friday and the men's singles final on the Saturday.
Traditionally, unlike the other three tennis Grand Slams, there is no play on the "Middle Sunday", which is considered a rest day.
However, rain has forced play on the Middle Sunday four times, in , , and On the first of these four occasions, Wimbledon staged a "People's Sunday", with unreserved seating and readily available, inexpensive tickets, allowing those with more limited means to sit on the show courts.
The second Monday at Wimbledon is often called "Manic Monday", because it is the busiest day with the last matches for both men's and women's singles, where fans have a pick of watching on a single day, any of the best 32 players left; which is also unique in a Grand Slam singles competition.
Since , the championships have begun one week later than in previous years, extending the gap between the tournament and the French Open from two to three weeks.
Both the men's and ladies' singles consist of players. Both tournaments have 8 wild card entrants, with the remainder in each made up of qualifiers.
Since the tournament, 32 players have been given seedings in the Gentlemen's and Ladies' singles, 16 teams in the doubles events.
The system of seeding was introduced during the Wimbledon Championships. This was a simplified version allowing countries to nominate four players who were placed in different quarters of the draw.
This system was replaced for the Wimbledon Championships and from then on players were seeded on merit. The first players to be seeded as no.
The Committee of Management decide which players receive wildcards. Usually, wild cards are players who have performed well during previous tournaments or would stimulate public interest in Wimbledon by participating.
Players and pairs who neither have high enough rankings nor receive wild cards may participate in a qualifying tournament held one week before Wimbledon at the Bank of England Sports Ground in Roehampton.
The singles qualifying competitions are three-round events. From singles qualification will increase to players and no doubles qualification will occur.
There is no qualifying tournament for Mixed Doubles. Players are admitted to the junior tournaments upon the recommendations of their national tennis associations, on their International Tennis Federation world rankings and, in the case of the singles events, on the basis of a qualifying competition.
The Committee of Management determines which players may enter the four invitational events. The Committee seeds the top players and pairs on the basis of their rankings, but it can change the seedings based on a player's previous grass court performance.
Since a seeding committee has not been required for the Gentlemen's Singles following an agreement with the ATP. In , the title was won by Richard Krajicek , who was originally unseeded ranked 17th, and only 16 players were seeded but was promoted to a seeded position still with the number 17 when Thomas Muster withdrew before the tournament.
No unseeded player has captured the Ladies' Singles title; the lowest seeded female champion was Venus Williams , who won in as the 23rd seed; Williams was returning from an injury that had prevented her playing in previous tournaments, giving her a lower ranking than she would normally have had.
Unseeded pairs have won the doubles titles on numerous occasions; the Gentlemen's Doubles champions were not only unseeded, but also for the first time ever qualifiers.
The change was made to improve durability and strengthen the sward to better withstand the increasing wear of the modern game. The main show courts, Centre Court and No.
The remaining 17 courts are regularly used for other events hosted by the club. The show courts were in action for the second time in three months in as Wimbledon hosted the tennis events of the Olympic Games.
One of the show courts is also used for home ties of the GB teams in the Davis Cup on occasions. Wimbledon is the only Grand Slam event played on grass courts.
At one time, all the Majors, except the French Open, were played on grass. The US Open abandoned grass in for green clay and the Australian Open did so in for hard courts ; the US Open eventually would adopt hard courts as well.
From to , Club's grounds were situated on four acres of meadowland between Worple Road and the railway line. In , the venue hosted the tennis events for the Summer Olympic Games.
After moving to a new place, the old ground then became the Girls' High School playing field. This new venue was larger and was needed to meet the ever-growing public demand.
Due to the possibility of rain during Wimbledon, a retractable roof was installed prior to the Championship. The first full match played and completed under the roof featured Andy Murray and Stan Wawrinka , played on the same date.
The court has a capacity of 15, At its south end is the Royal Box, from which members of the Royal Family and other dignitaries watch matches.
Centre Court usually hosts the finals and semifinals of the main events, as well as many matches in the earlier rounds involving top-seeded players or local favourites.
The second most important court is No. The court was constructed in to replace the old No. The old No. The court was said to have had a unique, more intimate atmosphere and was a favourite of many players.
Construction of a new retractable roof on the No. The capacity of the stadium also rose by to 12, Since , a new No. To obtain planning permission , the playing surface is around 3.
In a new No. Because of the summer climate in southern England, Wimbledon employs 'Court Attendants' each year, who work to maintain court conditions.
Their principal responsibility is to ensure that the courts are quickly covered when it begins to rain, so that play can resume as quickly as possible once the referees decide to uncover the courts.
The court attendants are mainly university students working to make summer money. Centre Court is covered by full-time groundstaff, however.
At the northern end of the grounds is a giant television screen on which important matches are broadcast. Fans watch from an area of grass officially known as the Aorangi Terrace.
When British players do well at Wimbledon, the hill attracts fans for them, and is often renamed after them by the press: Greg Rusedski 's followers convened at "Rusedski Ridge", and Tim Henman has had the hill nicknamed Henman Hill.
As both of them have now retired and Andy Murray is the number 1 British player, the hill is occasionally referred to as "Murray Mound" or " Murrayfield ", as a reference to his Scottish heritage and the Scottish rugby ground of the same name, but this has largely failed to catch on — the area is still usually referred to as Henman Hill.
None of these nicknames are official. The qualifying matches, prior to the main draw, take place at the Bank of England Sports Ground , in Roehampton , 3.
Social commentator Ellis Cashmore describes Wimbledon as having "a David Niven -ish propriety", in trying to conform to the standards of behaviour regarded as common in the s.
Writer Peter York sees the event as representing a particular white, upper middle class, affluent type of Britishness, describing the area of Wimbledon as "a southern, well off, late-Victorian suburb with a particular social character".
Cashmore has criticised the event for being "remote and insulated" from the changing multicultural character of modern Britain, describing it as "nobody's idea of all-things-British".
In the championship games, ball boys and girls, known as BBGs, play a crucial role in the smooth running of the tournament, with a brief that a good BBG "should not be seen.
They should blend into the background and get on with their jobs quietly. From ball boys were recruited from Goldings,  the only Barnardos school to provide them.
Prior to this, from the s onwards, the ball boys came from The Shaftesbury Children's Home. Since , BBGs have been drawn from local schools. This was possibly owing to their proximity to the club.
Since they have been drawn from schools in the London boroughs of Merton , Sutton , Kingston , and Wandsworth , as well as from Surrey. Starting in , BBGs work in teams of six, two at the net, four at the corners, and teams rotate one hour on court, one hour off, two hours depending on the court for the day's play.
With the expansion of the number of courts, and lengthening the tennis day, as of , the number of BBGs required is around Starting on the second Wednesday, the number of BBGs is reduced due to the decrease in the number of matches per day, leaving around 80 on the final Sunday.
Each BBG receives a certificate, a can of used balls, a group photograph and a programme when leaving. Every BBG keeps all of their kit, typically consisting of three or four shirts, two or three shorts or skorts , track suit bottoms and top, twelve pairs of socks, three pairs of wristbands, a hat, water bottle holder, bag and trainers.
Along with this it is seen as a privilege, and a valuable addition to a school leaver's curriculum vitae , showing discipline.
BBG places are split between boys and girls, with girls having been included since , appearing on centre court since Prospective BBGs are first nominated by their school headteacher , to be considered for selection.
To be selected, a candidate must pass written tests on the rules of tennis, and pass fitness, mobility and other suitability tests, against initial preliminary instruction material.
Successful candidates then commence a training phase, starting in February, in which the final BBGs are chosen through continual assessment.
As of , this training intake was The training includes weekly sessions of physical, procedural and theoretical instruction, to ensure that the BBGs are fast, alert, self-confident and adaptable to situations.
As of , early training occurs at the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis Club Covered Courts, to the side of the Grounds, and then moves to outside courts 8, 9, 10 the week before the Championships to ensure that BBGs gain a feel of the grass court.
Dark green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours. However, all tennis players participating in the tournament are required to wear all-white or at least almost all-white clothing, a long-time tradition at Wimbledon.
Controversy followed Martina Navratilova 's wearing branding for "Kim" cigarettes in Green clothing was worn by the chair umpire, linesmen, ball boys and ball girls until the Championships; however, beginning with the Championships, officials, ball boys and ball girls were dressed in new navy blue- and cream-coloured uniforms from American designer Ralph Lauren.
This marked the first time in the history of the Championships that an outside company was used to design Wimbledon clothing.
By tradition, the "Men's" and "Women's" competitions are referred to as "Gentlemen's" and "Ladies'" competitions at Wimbledon.
The junior competitions are referred to as the "Boys'" and "Girls'" competitions. Prior to , female players were referred to by the title "Miss" or "Mrs.
As dictated by strict rule of etiquette, married female players are referred to by their husbands' names: for example, Chris Evert appeared on scoreboards as "Mrs.
Lloyd" during her marriage to John Lloyd , since "Mrs. X" essentially designates the wife of X. This tradition has continued, at least to some extent.
After the cancellation of The Championships, we donated 75, products to good causes. Now our donation programme is complete, we are happy to offer discounted styles from past and present collections, many exclusive to The Wimbledon Shop, to our loyal guests.
Discover our selection of apparel and accessories featuring the iconic green and purple Championships logo with a vast array of base colours to suit both the most conservative and elaborate of dress senses.
Whether it's high-performance sport or durable everyday use you require, we have a style to suit your needs. Wimbledon socks are designed ensuring comfort, style and quality across all walks of life.
Every single blade of grass on a Wimbledon court is exactly 8mm of horticultural perfection. In literature, Wimbledon provides the principal setting for several comic novels by author Nigel Williams including the best-selling The Wimbledon Poisoner and They Came from SW19 , as well as for Elisabeth Beresford 's series of children's stories about the Wombles.
Wimbledon was given as the site where the sixth Martian invasion cylinder landed in H. Each October thousands attend the Wimbledon BookFest, which has been running since Over 60 events are held around Wimbledon, including at the Big Tent on the Common.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Suburb of London, England. Human settlement in England. Location within Greater London. Merton and Wandsworth.
Main article: The Championships, Wimbledon. Main article: New Wimbledon Theatre. Main article: Polka Theatre. This article is in list format, but may read better as prose.
You can help by converting this article , if appropriate. Editing help is available. January South Wimbledon.
SW19 2NY. Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 26 July Retrieved 14 July The parks, gardens, etc. John Weale, Retrieved 20 February British History Online.
Retrieved 21 February The London Gazette. Greater London Authority. Retrieved 4 February Archived from the original on 27 May The London Encyclopaedia.
Pan Macmillan. Archived from the original on 23 July Retrieved 5 January New Short History of Wimbledon. Wimbledon Society, Archived from the original on 8 October Old Football Grounds.
Archived from the original on 24 July Retrieved 14 April Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 30 December Wimbledon Guardian.
Retrieved 11 October The Friends of Cannizaro Park. Archived from the original on 30 August Retrieved 6 October Retrieved 14 December Retrieved 2 April Retrieved 4 November Retrieved 3 February Retrieved 11 November Universität Bern.
Retrieved 18 June Retrieved 26 February Retrieved 14 January Archived from the original on 16 December Retrieved 23 December Winter Archived from the original on 19 July Retrieved 7 February Chabad Wimbledon.
Retrieved 2 August Everyday Church. Wimbledon Spiritualist Church. London Borough of Merton. Mitcham and Morden Wimbledon.
Category Commons. Areas of London. Knightsbridge West End.